Save this picture!© Fernando Guerra | FG+SG+ 19 Share Manufacturers: PortilameText description provided by the architects. The Villa is situated in Vale do Lobo, a luxury golf and beach resort in Southern Portugal.Save this picture!© Fernando Guerra | FG+SGRecommended ProductsEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesRodecaRound Facade at Omnisport Arena ApeldoornEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesAlucoilStructural Honeycomb Panels – LarcoreEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesFranken-SchotterFacade System – LINEAEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesIsland Exterior FabricatorsCurtain Wall Facade SystemsThe plot is an end plot surrounded by golf, greenery and a small lake. Due to the location we have purposely opted not to create a clear boundary between plot and surroundings, rather using the actual building to create the distinction between public and private spaces.Save this picture!© Fernando Guerra | FG+SGThe villa has been developed in a U shape around a central courtyard space helping to create a sense of scale and containment within the open surroundings. Within this courtyard we have created a suspended pool which becomes the main visual focal point of the villa. Being the main visual focus, we have opted for the creation of the pool as a sculptural element, while still serving the function as the main pool. The suspended aspect of the pool permits the flow of the courtyard beyond the pool, thereby not containing the space. This upper main pool cascades down into a lower reflecting pool that can also be used as a children’s splash pool. The sound of the running water creates a very calm and relaxing environment. This lower reflecting pool in turn “visually” cascades down into the indoor pool situated within the home spa area. The continuation of the use of the black mosaic through into the home spa helps to strengthen this concept.Save this picture!© Fernando Guerra | FG+SGThe outer perimeter of the main building volume has been demarcated with continuous repetitive vertical walls, almost like a fortress, establishing a clear barrier between public and private. The spaces facing into the courtyard on the other hand offer maximum transparency, minimizing the barrier between indoor and outdoor spaces. In order to strengthen the indoor and outdoor interconnection we have continued the same floor level through to the exterior with sliding doors that slide back fully with no distinct threshold between indoor and outdoor, extending the living spaces to the outdoor.Save this picture!© Fernando Guerra | FG+SGThe main living spaces of the villa have been developed in an L shape plaster and painted white volume, with one wing dedicated to the 5 bedrooms and the other wing dedicated to the main living spaces. The single storey living space sits at an intermediate level between the 2 storey bedroom wing meaning easy access to the main living space from all bedrooms. This main living volume projects out to the south in the form of a suspended glass cube in which we have placed a sitting area (snug) with fireplace opening onto the views of both the lake and the golf course. The roof of this volume serves as a roof terrace with mini-pool, outdoor living space and BBQ area for evening entertainment. The semi buried basement space houses the main indoor entertainment areas of the villa, such as games room, home cinema and home spa, as well as the double garage and service areas. The home spa faced in the black mosaics at the end of the volume create the sense of an infinite space.Save this picture!© Fernando Guerra | FG+SGThe villa is a continuous play of solids versus transparency, which ultimately create a very interesting play of light versus shadow. In terms of materials we have tried to accentuate this play of solid versus void, by accentuating planes with the use of wood paneling both internally and externally, in which the doors etc have been hidden in order not to break up the sense of volume or plane. For the flooring we have worked with a grey sandstone which is a very homogeneous stone which helps create the feeling of a block of stone that has been carved, minimizing the legibility of the joints etc.Save this picture!© Fernando Guerra | FG+SGProject gallerySee allShow lessTangentfield and Fourth Door Review’s Roots Architecture WorkshopArticlesThe Modern Metropolis, Illustrated / Chris DentArticles Share Photographs: Fernando Guerra | FG+SG Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project ArchDaily “COPY” Architects: ARQUI + Lda Area Area of this architecture project Portugal Photographs ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/251404/casa-vale-do-lobo-arqui-lda Clipboard Casa Vale do Lobo / ARQUI + LdaSave this projectSaveCasa Vale do Lobo / ARQUI + Lda “COPY” Area: 600 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Year: Projects CopyAbout this officeARQUI + LdaOfficeFollowProductsWoodGlassConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesWoodHousesFaroPortugalPublished on July 10, 2012Cite: “Casa Vale do Lobo / ARQUI + Lda ” 10 Jul 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
CopyHouses•Tamarindo, Costa Rica Save this picture!© Fernando Alda+ 17 Share Houses ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/879079/las-hojas-house-osarquitectura Clipboard Photographs Las Hojas House / OsArquitecturaSave this projectSaveLas Hojas House / OsArquitectura Las Hojas House / OsArquitectura ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/879079/las-hojas-house-osarquitectura Clipboard “COPY” Photographs: Fernando Alda Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Year: Manufacturers: Arqui Glass con Extralum, Swissol, Water Pump SolutionsProject Director:Melissa Araya RamirezStructure:Adrian MorenoElectromechanical:Alberto Bonilla, Orlando BazanBuilder:Juan Carlos DelgadoAuthor Architect:John OsborneDesign Team:Adrian Guevara, Arthur MicheronCity:TamarindoCountry:Costa RicaMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Fernando AldaRecommended ProductsDoorsdormakabaEntrance Doors – Revolving Door 4000 SeriesWoodLunawoodThermowood FacadesGlassDip-TechDigital Ceramic Printing in Art & SignageDoorsLinvisibileLinvisibile Curved Hinged Door | AlbaText description provided by the architects. This house is located at the edge of a touristic coastal town in Tamarindo beach, Guanacaste. At 3km from the coast, the house nestles on the side of mid sized ridge covered in secondary forest.Save this picture!© Fernando AldaSave this picture!Ground Floor PlanSave this picture!© Fernando AldaThis forest and the relationship of the site with its topography makes for an immerse feeling in between the tree canopies which in turn were weaved into a series of roofs that naturally illuminate and ventilate the house as a manner of leaves floating over the landscape.Save this picture!© Fernando AldaSave this picture!Section – ModelThe house is surrounded by forest and thus the entire social area takes advantage of this condition and opens itself on all but one side. All the private areas are on the hillside and establish a more grounded position with less exposure to exterior activity.Save this picture!© Fernando AldaProject gallerySee allShow lessGreycouch / IDEACOUCHSelected ProjectsPublic Project 1: Murmullos de amor / Benjamín Ossa + Agustín InfanteSelected Projects Share Costa Rica 2015 “COPY” Area: 225 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project ArchDaily Projects Architects: OsArquitectura Area Area of this architecture project CopyAbout this officeOsArquitecturaOfficeFollowProductsWoodGlassConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesTamarindoCosta RicaPublished on September 08, 2017Cite: “Las Hojas House / OsArquitectura” 08 Sep 2017. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
A Judge has ruled that London Councils’ decision to cut £10 million of funding was flawed and that three London charities have won the right to a judicial review. All the funding cut decisions for 200 plus projects were quashed, which would have affected tens of thousands of Londoners.Mr Justice Calvert-Smith ruled that London Councils’ consultation process was flawed and that they had failed to meet their statutory equality duties. Furthermore the three charities should also receive further funding beyond any fresh decision made following the new process, in line with Compact principles.London Councils must now re-run the process, this time with full equality impact assessments.Every local authority in England has a Compact, which clearly sets out arrangements for managing change. These include carrying out impact assessments, consulting with groups and organisations, and giving at least three months notice to ending or changing any funding.Simon Blake, Chair of Compact Voice, welcomed the ruling, saying: “This ruling is good news for service users and the voluntary and community organisations that work hard to provide them with vital services. Our sector is facing massive cuts in-spite of councils promising to prioritise front line services. Only by working together with our sector can local and national authorities fully assess the impacts of proposed cuts and set their budgets to the best interests of their communities and citizens.“With major changes in relationships and funding across the country, more than ever both parties need to know, and stick by, the ‘rules of the game’.”www.compactvoice.org.uk Judge quashes £10m of London funding cuts Tagged with: Compact Funding Law / policy London Howard Lake | 31 January 2011 | News 27 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.
Farm Bureau Partners with Feeding America on #StillFarming Campaign Previous articleIndiana Farm Bureau Receives New Horizon Award At 2021 AFBF Virtual ConventionNext articleFree Pasture Management Field Day for Farmers, Ranchers American Farm Bureau Federation SHARE Home Indiana Agriculture News Farm Bureau Partners with Feeding America on #StillFarming Campaign Facebook Twitter SHARE By American Farm Bureau Federation – Jan 11, 2021 Facebook Twitter Still Farming T-Shirt. Photo: AFBFThe American Farm Bureau Federation is launching a new effort to address food insecurity while celebrating the strength of the U.S. food supply and commitment of America’s farmers and ranchers to keep it strong. The #StillFarming campaign, which began on social media, is now expanding to a merchandise line that will benefit food banks and agricultural education.The COVID-19 pandemic shutdowns in March 2020 caused disruptions to the food supply chain, resulting in empty grocery shelves in parts of the country. When alarmed Americans resorted to panic purchasing, AFBF created the #StillFarming social media campaign to build public confidence in farmers’ and ranchers’ ability to produce food and reassure consumers of the strength of the U.S. food supply.#StillFarming has reached nearly 100 million people across the digital landscape, building confidence in the U.S. food supply and trust in farmers and ranchers by sharing the challenges they are overcoming to feed America and the world.Building on its popularity and recognizing the dramatic increase in hunger in America brought on by the pandemic, AFBF created #StillFarming to Feed America T-shirts and committed to donating all profits. Half will be donated to Feeding America, the country’s largest hunger relief organization, and half of the profits will go to the American Farm Bureau Foundation for Agriculture.“Despite all the uncertainty brought on by the pandemic, there’s never been a question that America’s farmers and ranchers would continue supplying healthy, affordable food and it was important for us to assure the public of that,” said AFBF President Zippy Duvall. “The success of #StillFarming is a credit to Farm Bureau members across the country who took it and ran with it. It has been inspiring to see their stories from across the country and I’m pleased to build on the campaign to help address hunger through our partnership with Feeding America.”AFBF first partnered with Feeding America in April, coauthoring a letter to USDA calling for a federal program to help deliver farm-fresh products to food banks facing unprecedented demand. At the time, many farmers had no destination for their products due to restaurant and food service closures. The letter and subsequent meetings with USDA contributed to the formation of the Farmers to Families Food Box Program.The new partnership between AFBF and Feeding America also builds on a long history of partnerships between county and state Farm Bureaus and Feeding America’s local and regional food banks. Since the pandemic began, state and county Farm Bureaus across the country have donated $5.4 million and 1.4 million pounds of food to local food banks, food pantries and pandemic relief programs. According to Feeding America, 1 in 9 Americans are affected by hunger in the pandemic. This includes 2.2 million rural households.“COVID-19 presented a perfect storm of increased demand, declines in food donations and overall disruptions to the charitable food system. Food banks across the country are working hard to support their neighbors in need,” said Katie Fitzgerald, Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer at Feeding America. “We are grateful to AFBF for their commitment to fighting hunger and for providing everyone with the opportunity to give back.”The pandemic also increased consumer curiosity about how food is produced. Giving the public a window into agriculture and how food is grown is part of the mission of the American Farm Bureau Foundation for Agriculture. Recognizing that #StillFarming helped tell agriculture’s story, it’s fitting that profits from #StillFarming to Feed America T-shirts will further that cause.“The Foundation is honored to be a partner with AFBF on this program,” AFB Foundation Executive Director Daniel Meloy said. “Funds received through the #StillFarming T-shirts will help us continue to reach kids all across America and help educate them on where their food comes from.”The T-shirts are being sold through AFBF’s online shop at FB.org/StillFarming and will be available through June.
Facebook Twitter Breakdown: Cambridge Analytica, information warfare ReddIt Members of the TCU Refugee Empowerment Partnership are hoping to help refugees pass their American citizenship test and bring speakers to campus to inform students about refugees. (Elizabeth Campbell TCU 360). Elizabeth Campbell World Oceans Day shines spotlight on marine plastic pollution Linkedin CRES negotiates move to interdisciplinary unit amid student resistance ReddIt Elizabeth Campbell is executive editor of TCU 360 and a senior journalism and political science double major. When not in the newsroom, she’s thinking about the news while probably watching TCU football or being a history nerd. Send her a tip if you have a story to share! Elizabeth Campbellhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/elizabeth-campbell/ + posts Previous articleFour two-out runs give Frogs comeback victory and series win over Arizona StateNext articleWomen’s hoops endures ‘disappointing’ loss to Oklahoma on senior night, 73-64 Elizabeth Campbell RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Linkedin TCU places second in the National Student Advertising Competition, the highest in school history printTek Ghimire spent most of his life in a camp in war-torn Nepal before coming to Texas as a refugee around four years ago. The Ghimire’s village in Nepal. (Photo courtesy of Tek Ghimire.)Today he and his brother, Action Ghimire, are both sophomore computer science majors at TCU. “Our family was like yours; we had a farm, we had a house, we had a country, but war broke out,” Tek said. “We didn’t choose to be refugees, it was impossible for my family to stay in that place.” Action called the camp they grew up in,“a prison.” The Ghimire brothers in Nepal. (Photo courtesy of Tek Ghimire.)“We couldn’t leave the camp and we couldn’t work in the camp,” Action said. “We were jobless and hopeless.” Tek said his parents decided to move to the United States in order to give their family a better life. “I was so excited when I heard I was going to be going to the America because I had only heard about a story that all the big buildings were going to be there and everyone would be driving cars,” Tek said. “I had seen Terminator and you know when they blast the whole building? I was so excited to be here.” The excitement remained, but the brothers said that adjusting to a new life in America was not without challenges. Both said that learning English was the hardest part of the transition. Action also said that the different food and clothes were a surprise. “Everything was different,” Action said. “It was tough for me to adjust at first.” Tek and Action had help, though. They both credit their time at the International Newcomers Academy, a Fort Worth Independent School District school focused on fostering rapid language learning and orienting students to U.S. culture. The school helped them adjust and realize they were not alone. “That school is a great part of my life,” Tek said. “It was mostly international students, so seeing them and figuring out I’m not the only one who is going through that thing, that kept me going.” The support Tek said he felt from his teachers and Catholic Charities was a “big help” and inspired him to start the Refugee Empowerment Partnership (REP) on TCU’s campus. “We just want to make things smooth for refugees,” Tek said. Tek is joined by his fellow students, including sophomore finance major Sam Witherspoon who is helping REP receive their service organization designation from TCU. Witherspoon is also helping to plan trips for the group to the Ladera Palms apartments, which according to Fort Worth non-profit The Net, is “populated primarily by resettled refugees from all over the world.”TCU students, including Tek Ghimire, volunteer with children at Ladera Palms. (Photo courtesy of Myrah Osmani)“Refugees are really just normal people who have been put in extremely difficult circumstances,” Witherspoon said. “It’s really just important for us to understand that and to help from our position of privilege.”Witherspoon said the group would be helping teach English to adults at Ladera in order to help them pass their citizenship test.“Citizenship tests for this country are pretty intense,” Tek said. “I struggled with it, so I just want to help them achieve that goal.” Senior news and media studies major Myrah Osmani said her work with refugees sophomore year as part of a service learning class inspired her to get an internship with the Refugee Services of Texas and join the REP. “It’s a very humbling experience, I mean I think finals are hard,” Osmani said. “These people have gone through so much and one of the families I’ve been working with, they had a newborn baby and their plane almost crashed in the ocean. It just makes you realize how grateful you should be for the life you live here in America.” Process for refugees resettling in the United StatesVenngage InfographicsTek said that in addition to helping refugees transition, he is also hoping to change the current stigma many refugees face. “Right now people have the connotation of the word terrorist with refugee,” Tek said. “They believe that all refugees are terrorists which is not true at all. I want people to know refugees better. Come and have a conversation with me, it helps.” The group has yet to set an official date for their first open meeting but Tek said that students should watch what2do.tcu.edu for more information on upcoming events. Elizabeth Campbellhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/elizabeth-campbell/ Alumna joins ‘Survivor’ reality show in quest for a million dollars Twitter Elizabeth Campbellhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/elizabeth-campbell/ Elizabeth Campbellhttps://www.tcu360.com/author/elizabeth-campbell/ Welcome TCU Class of 2025 WATCH: Former Chief of Staff for Obama talks Trump administration, Democrats, liberal arts education Facebook
Pinterest Twitter ABU DHABI, Emirados Árabes Unidos–(BUSINESS WIRE)–fev 21, 2021– SIGN4L, um provedor dinâmico de soluções ágeis e adaptáveis de guerra eletrônica e inteligência (EW&I), lançou hoje duas soluções de última geração que oferecem uma vantagem tática nas missões de amanhã. O V-Protect, um sistema de interferência de comunicação de radiofrequência (RF), e o NavControl-G, um recurso especializado anti-drone, estão bem posicionados para mudar o jogo na formação de resultados favoráveis em um cenário de defesa cada vez mais digitalizado. Este comunicado de imprensa inclui multimédia. Veja o comunicado completo aqui: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210221005049/pt/ SIGN4L launches VProtect an advanced high-power jammer system installed on a standard SUV (Photo: AETOSWire) As soluções foram reveladas no pavilhão EDGE na Exposição e Conferência Internacional de Defesa (IDEX 2021), que acontece até 25 de fevereiro no Centro Nacional de Exposições de Abu Dhabi (ADNEC). O V-Protect é um sistema bloqueador de alta potência ativo e reativo móvel avançado destinado a ajudar a bloquear tecnologias comuns de sinal de RF terrestre, bem como equipamentos portáteis de comunicação por satélite, abrangendo frequências de rádio, rádios bidirecionais, dispositivos celulares e wi-fi. Ostentando um dispositivo explosivo contra-improvisado (C-IED) e medidas de anti-drone, o modelo de fácil utilização deve ser instalado em um SUV padrão e oferece operacionalidade automática, utilizando 16 canais e amplificadores de alta potência de emissão para fornecer suporte no aprimoramento da proteção alcance e combate a várias ameaças no domínio da frequência. O NavControl-G é uma unidade transmissora sofisticada projetada para ajudar a evitar a invasão de veículos aéreos não tripulados (UAVs) em locais específicos. Para ajudar a proteger uma área sensível, o sistema pode emular sinais de GPS para gerar imprecisões de posição e tempo, assumindo assim o controle de veículos não tripulados que não cooperam. Encapsulado em um contêiner à prova de choque, o sistema pode ser perfeitamente integrado em várias configurações – em locais fixos ou implantado no campo quando necessário. Waleid Al Mesmari, vice-presidente de gerenciamento de programas para o grupo de Guerra Eletrônica e Inteligência da EDGE, disse: “A guerra eletrônica e a inteligência constituem a espinha dorsal dos sistemas modernos de defesa e segurança. A SIGN4L está na linha de frente em tecnologias inovadoras que ajudam nossos clientes a expandir suas opções em um mundo em rápida mudança. Ao ajudar nossos clientes com o gerenciamento de seus requisitos complexos de segurança e desempenho, nossas soluções mais recentes são os principais exemplos de nossas ofertas ágeis no trabalho que concentram energia para ocultar, neutralizar e atacar os adversários.” A SIGN4L traz um espírito de startup para projetar e produzir produtos e serviços de segurança digital e RF de arquitetura aberta de última geração para governos e empresas na região. A empresa implementou um ciclo rigoroso de análise, pesquisa e desenvolvimento de ameaças para monitorar, analisar e combater os riscos emergentes. A SIGN4L faz parte do grupo de Guerra Eletrônica e Inteligência da EDGE, um grupo de tecnologia avançada que está entre os 25 principais fornecedores militares do mundo. *Fonte: AETOSWire O texto no idioma original deste anúncio é a versão oficial autorizada. As traduções são fornecidas apenas como uma facilidade e devem se referir ao texto no idioma original, que é a única versão do texto que tem efeito legal. Ver a versão original em businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210221005049/pt/ CONTACT: Thushara Mohanan [email protected] +971-555080413; +971-55-3584520 KEYWORD: UNITED STATES UNITED ARAB EMIRATES NORTH AMERICA MIDDLE EAST NEW YORK INDUSTRY KEYWORD: AEROSPACE TECHNOLOGY MANUFACTURING SECURITY SATELLITE TELECOMMUNICATIONS OTHER DEFENSE DEFENSE AUDIO/VIDEO MOBILE/WIRELESS HARDWARE SOURCE: EDGE Copyright Business Wire 2021. PUB: 02/21/2021 04:33 PM/DISC: 02/21/2021 04:33 PM http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210221005049/pt Facebook WhatsApp SIGN4L apresenta novos recursos para guerra eletrônica na IDEX 2021 Twitter Local News Pinterest Facebook WhatsApp Previous articleEquity Crowdfunding from Unistellar Gives Space Lovers Rare Access to a Profitable Space BrandNext articleAvalonBay Communities, Inc. Announces 2020 Operating Results and Initial 2021 Financial Outlook Digital AIM Web Support By Digital AIM Web Support – March 4, 2021 TAGS
Foreign/International’Arbitrary & Overnight Deprival Of Citizenship Against Rule Of Law’: South Africa Constitutional Court Reinterprets Its Citizenship Amendment Act [Read Judgment] Ashok Kini2 Aug 2020 7:57 AMShare This – xThe Constitutional Court of South Africa recently reinterpreted the country’s Citizenship Amendment Act of 2010, which had drastically changed the definition of ‘citizenship by descent’, by holding that persons born in other countries, before or after the commencement of the Amendment Act, are entitled to South African citizenship as long as one of their parents is South…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Constitutional Court of South Africa recently reinterpreted the country’s Citizenship Amendment Act of 2010, which had drastically changed the definition of ‘citizenship by descent’, by holding that persons born in other countries, before or after the commencement of the Amendment Act, are entitled to South African citizenship as long as one of their parents is South African. The Gauteng Division of the High Court of South Africa had declared section 2(1)(a) and section 2(1)(b) of the South African Citizenship Act of 1995, as amended by the South African Citizenship Amendment Act 17 of 2010. Though it did not confirm the High Court declaration, it reinterpreted the Act and saved many persons from the risk of arbitrary and overnight deprival of Citizenship.Justice Khampepe authored the unanimous judgment for the nine judge Constitution bench.The 2010 Amendment drastically changed the definition of Citizenship by Descent. The applicants, who challenged these provisions are having one of their parents as a South African citizen at the time of their birth (they were born before 2010 amendment came into force). They contended that by not including a provision which retains the citizenship of those who acquired citizenship by descent in terms of 1995 Act, the section 2(1) of the amended Citizenship Act has the effect of stripping those individuals of their South African citizenship.Pre-Amendment Citizenship by Descent Law Before its amendment in 2010, a person could acquire citizenship by descent in the following ways: First, if they were a citizen by descent immediately prior to the commencement of the 1995 Citizenship Act, they would remain so. Secondly, a person could acquire citizenship by descent if they were born outside of South Africa and one of their parents was a South African citizen and their birth was registered.Thirdly, if a person was born outside of South Africa and one of their parents had resumed South African citizenship and they had entered South Africa to reside in the country permanently, that person would be a citizen by descent. Fourthly, a person would acquire citizenship by descent if they were born outside of South Africa and they had subsequently been adopted by a South African citizen in terms of the Child Care Act and their birth was registered. Changes brought by 2010 AmendmentBy the amendment Act of 2010, Section 3, which dealt with citizenship by descent was altered and the meaning of “citizen by descent” was modified to apply to only those who have been adopted in terms of the Children’s Act by a South African citizen. Section 2, which dealt with ‘citizen by birth’ was also amended to read (1) Any person— (a) who immediately prior to the date of commencement of the South African Citizenship Amendment Act, 2010, was a South African citizen by birth; or (b) who is born in or outside the Republic, one of his or her parents, at the time of his or her birth, being a South African citizen, shall be a South African citizen by birth.Interpretation of “Any Person Who Is Born” The issue considered by the Court was whether the words “is born” can be interpreted to apply to those born before the commencement of the 2010 Amendment? The court observed: “The word “is” would generally be used to refer to the present tense and the word “was” in relation to the past tense. The term “is born”, however, can also correctly be used to describe a state of existence. Thus, the phrase “who is born in or outside of South Africa [to a South African parent]” is stative: it is used to connote the condition or status of a person and does not indicate a tense. It describes a state of being, in the same way that references to a person who “is married”, “is South African” or “is adopted [by a South African parent]” similarly connote states of existence. In this form, the word “is” is used to link the person (subject) with the complement, “born in or outside of South Africa [to a South African parent]”, to identify an existing condition. It is evident that this interpretation, applying also to those born before the commencement of the 2010 Amendment, is grammatically sound and would be the interpretation that is most in line with section 39(2) in that it does not arbitrarily deprive persons of their citizenship overnight. In this regard, whilst “any person who was, is or will be born” may be the more comprehensive form of the phrase, “any person who is born” similarly includes all persons born yesterday, today and tomorrow. This is not only a reasonable construction of the text, but also a constitutionally compliant one, in contrast to that which gives the word “is” a narrow interpretation.” The court observed that the other narrow, prospective-only interpretation strips citizenship rights from a great number of people ‘in the most unfair and unjustified manner’. “It is that interpretation which would render the operation of the 2010 Amendment retrospective by wiping out citizenship that existed under the previous Acts without replacing it with another form of citizenship, and by taking away citizenship rights without retaining those previously-acquired rights.”, it added. The court further observed: “A finding that the section only applies prospectively would have the effect of excluding not only the vast majority of those who had acquired citizenship by descent, but also those who, like the applicants in this matter, are excluded from the ambit of the section merely by the date of their birth. This interpretation would not only rub against the section 20 right which protects against the deprivation of citizenship, but also against the rule of law and section 9 which prohibit irrational distinctions between groups of individuals. This interpretation would also expose some individuals to the risks of statelessness. Further, it would be contrary to the spirit and purpose of the legislation, which seeks to widen the pathways to South African citizenship rather than narrow them.” Interpreting the Amendment Act thus, the Constitutional Court refused to confirm the High Court’s order declaring the provisions constitutionally invalid. It concluded thus:Therefore, when construed in their proper context, the words “any person who is born in or outside the Republic, one of his or her parents, at the time of his or her birth, being a South African citizen” mean a person who is a child of a South African citizen, regardless of when that person is born or whether that person is born inside or outside the Republic. The words give us a description of a person who is entitled to citizenship by birth under section 2(1)(b). What qualifies the person concerned for citizenship is the fact that at least one of their parents is a South African citizen and their citizenship accrues at the time of their birth. Further, this reading of the section would accommodate all categories of citizens who acquired their citizenship through either birth or descent in terms of the 1995 Citizenship Act. Those who were citizens by birth in terms of the 1995 Citizenship Act, as set out above, would retain their citizenship rights under section 2(1)(a) of the amended Citizenship Act. They may also obtain citizenship by birth through section 2(1)(b) of the amended Citizenship Act if they were born to at least one South African parent. Citizenship does not depend on a discretionary decision; rather, it constitutes a question of law The court also confirmed the direction issued by the High Court to the Director-General of the Department of Home Affairs to issue the necessary documents recognising the four applicants’ citizenship as soon as possible. The High Court, in this case had considered the evidence of citizenship brought by these applicants and found that the requirements had been met by them. The Court said:”The reason for this is that citizenship does not depend on a discretionary decision; rather, it constitutes a question of law. The amended Citizenship Act does not require the Department of Home Affairs to consider any public interest when deciding whether or not to recognise a person’s citizenship. Instead, if the requisite conditions to acquire citizenship are satisfied, the Department of Home Affairs is required to recognise this citizenship and proceed with the concomitant administrative procedures, without any further consideration.Case name: YAMIKANI VUSI CHISUSE vs. DIRECTOR-GENERAL, DEPARTMENT OF HOME AFFAIRSClick here to Read/Download JudgmentRead Judgment Next Story
Gary Hershorn/Getty Images(NEW YORK) — There’s no denying that Israel Del Toro is a fighter.After being wounded by an improvised explosive device in Afghanistan, the former Air Force sergeant was told he would never walk or breathe without a respirator. Nevertheless, he fought to be re-enlisted in the Air Force five years later, ultimately competing in the first-ever Wounded Warrior Games.With the 9th Annual Wounded Warrior Games beginning June 21 in Tampa Bay, Florida, Del Toro told ABC News’ Bob Woodruff the last thing he and his fellow service members want is pity.“We want to inspire, to see us conquer obstacles and win even though that’s not the primary goal,” Del Toro said. “It’s to show people the human spirit doesn’t give up and it keeps going.”Del Toro, known by his friends and family as “DT,” was critically injured in December 2005 while serving in the U.S. Air Force. After receiving third-degree burn wounds on 80 percent of his body in an IED explosion, Del Toro thought he was going to die.“I’m thinking I’m gonna die there, I’m thinking I broke my promise to my family. I always come back,” he said. “I broke my promise to my son that I’ll never let him grow up without a father.”When he finally awoke in March 2006 at Brooke Army Medical Center in Houston, he didn’t know any time had passed. Doctors gave him a 15% chance to live. He was terrified to see how his 3-year-old son would look at him.His recovery took five years. He underwent 120 surgeries and countless hours of therapy, but his love for his country and his job kept Del Toro fighting. In 2010 he decided to re-enlist in the Air Force, becoming the first airman with a 100 percent disability to re-enlist — leaving many questioning as to why he refused to just take the money and stay retired.“It’s not about the money. I love my job, I love serving in the Air Force, I love being an airman, so why would I want to give that up?” Del Toro said.Through his years of service and dedication to the field, he has helped a multitude of other injured and ill service members overcome their obstacles with the help of the Wounded Warrior Games.The Games started in 2010 as a way to enhance the recovery and rehabilitation of wounded warriors and to expose them to adaptive sports. The event hosts over 300 wounded, ill and injured service members and veterans from the Army, Marine Corps, Navy, Air Force and Special Operations Command. In addition, the Games also host athletes from the United Kingdom Armed Forces, Australian Defence Force, Canadian Armed Forces, Armed Forces of the Netherlands and the Danish Armed Forces.“I’ve been part of the Warrior Games since the beginning, either as an athlete or a coach or a mentor or an ambassador,” Del Toro said. “Sometimes some of the guys are nervous to do it and when I’m able to encourage them to do these Games you see that sparkle in their eyes, that they feel like themselves again.”These athletes go head-to-head for 10 days, competing in sports like archery, volleyball, swimming, track and field, basketball and more.“Sometimes we go into our little bubble and we’re afraid to go outside our bubble because we’re afraid people will not accept us, but when we do the sports, they just see athletes,” he said. “They just see normal people out there doing great things and that’s the great thing about sports.”The Games not only had a major impact on Del Toro and his fellow service members, but also on the Duke of Sussex. Prince Harry visited the Games in 2013 and was able to see first-hand how they can empower athletes suffering from illnesses and injuries. From there the Invictus Games was born, bringing together over 500 fighters from 19 different countries to participate.“The Invictus is great, what Prince Harry did to expand it worldwide is amazing,” Del Toro said. “[Prince Harry] loves being next to the guys. He was a service member himself and I remember meeting him back in Colorado and playing volleyball against him, and who else can say that they got to spike a ball to the prince?”Del Toro has become a public figure for the Games and has spoken at both the Warrior and Invictus Games, alongside former President George W. Bush and Prince Harry. He was honored with the Pat Tillman Award at the 2017 ESPYS and was featured in an episode of “Bumping Mics” on Netflix with Jeff Ross and Dave Attell, letting the two comedians “roast” him and using humor as a way to cope and show others not to let their injuries keep them down.“Sometimes people feel like they can’t laugh anymore after what happened to them,” Del Toro said. “[Ross and Attell] asked me to come on ‘Bumping Mics’ and I’m like sure this will give me a great opportunity to show the world that what happened to me was terrible, but I can still laugh at myself, I can still tease myself.”In April 2019, Del Toro decided to retire from the Air Force, completing his final jump with his teammates, surprising his wife Carmen with a wedding renewal ceremony and being honored with videos from friends who weren’t able to attend such as President George W. Bush, former Vice President Joe Biden, Guy Fieri, Jon Stewart, Chris Cooper and more.As the 2019 Wounded Warrior Games kick off June 21, Del Toro is ready to show everyone he’s still standing as he competes in 10 different events and begins his career journey as a motivational speaker.“We all have a spark, a fire, inside of us that drives us, that pushes us,” he said. “Mine is my son. You might need me sharing my story to find your spark, to show that there’s so much life out there and to not give up on it.”The 2019 Wounded Warrior Games take place June 21-30 in Tampa Bay, Florida.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.
400tmax/iStock(WASHINGTON) — The Department of Homeland Security’s inspector general released a report Wednesday saying DHS had the legal authority to deploy agents and officers to Portland, Oregon, last summer but did not have a comprehensive strategy and was “unprepared.”DHS deployed Customs and Border Protection agents to Portland, Oregon, in the summer of 2020 to protect the federal courthouse after nights of protests in the aftermath of George Floyd’s murder.It did so under the legal authority to assist the Federal Protective Service (FPS), the new report says. FPS protects federal buildings such as courthouses. At the time, then-Acting Secretary Chad Wolf slammed the governor and mayor of Oregon for not properly protecting the courthouse.But the report also said DHS was not up to the task and that “not all officers were properly trained to respond to riots and to conduct crowd control operations.”“DHS was unprepared to effectively execute cross-component activities to protect Federal facilities when component law enforcement officers first deployed on June 4, 2020,” the report said. “Specifically, not all officers completed required training; had the necessary equipment; and used consistent uniforms, devices, and operational tactics when responding to the events in Portland.”In total, DHS deployed 755 people to Portland last summer, including Federal Protective Service, Customs and Border Protection, Immigration and Customs Enforcement and Secret Service personnel. Out of the 222 agents deployed, 36 were not properly trained, according to the report.The report found that 14 of the 36 officers who were not properly trained used a non-lethal weapon against a person in Portland.Copyright © 2021, ABC Audio. All rights reserved.
Comments are closed. Previous Article Next Article Flexibility pays offOn 1 Jun 2001 in Personnel Today Theregion’s employers must ensure that visas and documentation are in order, andthat the cultural, gender and age mix will not offend existing workers. EdPeters reportsRecruitmentpractitioners in Asia Pacific have to be as flexible as the region’s officialswho are charged with enforcing employment regulations. Just because somethingis enshrined in law, it doesn’t mean that is what takes place day by day. Butby the same token, it is vital for HR directors to read the small print to makesure they are aware of the pitfalls of hiring – and firing.Generally,the more sophisticated the base, the more straightforward the recruitmentpractices. Hong Kong, Singapore and Malaysia are prime examples wherelegalities prevail and Web-based recruitment is as much a part of office lifeas using the telephone. Travel to somewhere like Indonesia though, and it’s avery different story. “Most top jobs in foreign companies are run byexpatriates with titles like president, director or technical adviser,”said Michael Low, an independent recruitment consultant based in Jakarta.”Theoretically, technical advisers are not allowed to get involved inday-to-day operations, but that’s not the case in practice. There are a lot ofpeople around who have worked here doing just that for more than a decade –some much longer.”Asin all AP countries, expat staff require a work visa, but Indonesian companylaw restricts the number that can be employed. Expats make up around 1% ofNestle’s workforce in the archipelago, while Coca-Cola employs a mere dozen outof 9,000 staff. Internal HR departments for larger corporations will handle theannual visa application, but smaller companies usually turn to specialistagencies, charging about US$3,000 per time. A visa is essential, as working fora single day without one can lead to expulsion, with a knock-on effect oncompany finances and reputation.”Whenit comes to internal recruiting, it is politically correct – and this is apolitically charged country – to employ indigenous Indonesians, as opposed toany of the ethnic minorities,” says Low. “And when it comes totermination, you have to tread warily too. Someone who has been with thecompany for five years is entitled to 14 months’ salary if he or she is laidoff, and even if they are being fired for wrongdoing or resign of their ownaccord they get two months’ pay. Some will ask for more money as a matter ofcourse – you don’t always go by the book. It’s best to use discretion andprobably easier to pay somebody off – wages are very low compared to Westernstandards – than to get involved in a long wrangle.”Oneway in which recruitment practices in AP differ vastly from the rest of theworld is that there are few equal opportunity issues, and it is not unusual foradvertisements to specify age and gender and request a recent photo.ButHR recruiters do need to be aware of the need to run background checks, astotally inventing CVs – as opposed to merely tweaking them – is by no meansuncommon, especially in mainland China. Alan Wah-tong, an American-born Chinesenow working as HR director for construction company Wylie International inBeijing, comments, “There was a furore earlier this year when it wasdiscovered that Hong Kong’s Pacific Century Cyber Works tycoon Richard Li hadbeen claiming he graduated in computer engineering from Stanford University,when he had done no such thing.”That’snothing compared to the resumes I’ve seen come across my desk. It’s essentialnot just to background check but to double background check on qualifications.It’s not too difficult to forge a diploma, or for the applicant to persuade afriend to act as a bogus referee. Foreign companies pay well and areprestigious, so people will do anything to get through the door. Or the person youare interviewing could be from a rival corporation, trying to get on the insideto learn your business secrets. China, and some parts of Asia, are still prettyraw in this regard.” Finally,employers need to take cultural sensitivity into account. Malaysia, forexample, is made up of three races – Malay, Chinese and Indian – all of whomcan be clannish. Hong Kongese may have close relatives just across the boundarywith China, but still look down on mainlanders. And there is a strictnorth/south divide in Thailand, with people from the provinces bordering Laoregarded as near neanderthals by Bangkok residents. Employers in all threecountries should ensure that new employees will fit in culturally, rather thansimply looking at their qualifications and experience.Tipsfor recruiting in Asia Pacific–Check local employment laws and heed them.–Remember that even if it’s written in stone, there is probably an alternativeversion on another stone.–Run thorough background checks on potential new employees for sensitivepositions.–Maintain a cultural weather eye when considering new hires to avoid possiblefuture problems.–In some AP countries foreign companies are regarded as money boxes, andtherefore an easy and obvious target. 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