Tanzania Breweries Limited (TBL.tz) listed on the Dar es Salaam Stock Exchange under the Beverages sector has released it’s 2019 annual report.For more information about Tanzania Breweries Limited (TBL.tz) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Tanzania Breweries Limited (TBL.tz) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Tanzania Breweries Limited (TBL.tz) 2019 annual report.Company ProfileTanzania Breweries Limited produces, distributes and sells malt beer in Tanzania, as well as non-alcoholic malt beverages and alcoholic fruit beverages. The company markets its own products under the following liquor brands; Safari Lager, Kilimanjaro Premium Lager, Ndovu Special Malt and Konyagi. Tanzania Breweries also produces and distributes Castle Lager, Castle Milk Stout, Castle Lite, Peroni and Redds Premium Cold under license from SABMiller International BV. It also distributes international wines and spirits under license from Distell (Pty) Limited of South Africa. It is the largest and oldest brewing company in Tanzania, with breweries in Dar es Salaam, Arusha, Mwanza and Mbeya. Tanzania Breweries Limited is a subsidiary of SABMiller Africa BV. Tanzania Breweries Limited is listed on the Dar es Salaam Stock Exchange
Eddie Jones will announce a 32 or 33-man strong squad for the autumn Tests in London on Wednesday, and has already given us a few clues, but who should be in and out? Got it covered: Joe Launchbury may play a big part in the Autumn SeriesBack row: Billy Vunipola, Chris Robshaw, Will Welch, Jackson Wray, Nathan Hughes, Teimana HarrisonJones has taken a real hit here with Sam Jones, James Haskell, Jack Clifford and Mike Williams all crocked hence the call for Itoje to play seven, but that has gone west with his hand injury. Luckily, Billy Vunipola is playing out of his skin and is a stone-bonking certainty to start against South Africa. The coach might want to have a look at Will Welch of Newcastle, who is regularly mentioned in dispatches by his director of rugby at the Falcons Dean Richards. Hughes, or Lawes, could do a turn at No 6 if anything befalls Robshaw but the Wasps’ man, like Ben Morgan, is miles behind Vunipola as a No 8 at the moment. Harrison, not in the EPS, may scrape into the training squad. Wray, of Saracens, could get the nod as Itoje’s replacement.Power: Nathan Hughes could form a formidable backrow with Billy Vunipola LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS Back in business: Jonny May was back and scoring tries at the weekendMidfield: George Ford, Owen Farrell, Jonathan Joseph, Elliot Daly, Ben Te’oWe are going to lump the 10s, 12s and 13s together because Jones will surely stick with the Ford-Farrell axis that served England so well in Australia when he names his starting XV. Jones name-checked Ben Te’o after Worcester’s game against Gloucester and although he has been out for a couple of weeks is back in action now. Daly has had the advantage of playing in a good Wasps team, Joseph is also back after a few weeks off but Henry Slade has not played with his usual zip and could miss out.Pace to burn: Elliot Daly is keeping Jonathan Joseph honest in midfieldScrum-halves: Danny Care, Ben Youngs, Dan RobsonBen Spencer, of Saracens, was named in the larger group but not in the training squad indicating that Robson, who shares the No.9 shirt at Wasps with Joe Simpson, has the run on him. Robson and Simpson both started three of the first six Premiership games whilst Spencer started just one of Saracens’ first half dozen. A personal view is that Richard Wigglesworth is the form scrum-half in England, and he can play more than one type of game, but his time has probably gone.In possession: Ben Youngs guided Leicester to a win over Racing 92Props: Mako Vunipola, Joe Marler, Dan Cole, Paul Hill, Kyle Sinckler, Ellis GengeMarler has his work cut out to get a starting place in front of Vunipola who is off the scale at the moment and has possession of the loose-head jersey after Marler missed the Australia trip. Cole is in a similar position to Vunipola and was praised to the high heavens by Jones after the third Test in Sydney. Hill is clearly ahead of Kieran Brookes in England terms, if not Northampton, whilst both Sinckler and Genge have got stuck in brilliantly this season and are a couple for the future.Ripping it up: Mako Vunipola is in the form of his career at SarriesHookers: Dylan Hartley, Jamie George, Tommy TaylorIf fit, Hartley is starting and captain but it would not be a complete disaster if he does not make it and George has to take over at hooker. The Saracens’ man is no novice, he has played over 150 games for his club, and been involved in plenty of high-octane matches over the last three seasons. In Toulon last weekend he showed he can do his stuff in the loose and the tight and this observer would lose no sleep if he had to start for England after eight caps off the bench. Luke Cowan-Dickie is another casualty, he has an ankle injury, but the make-up of the Brighton squad suggests Taylor was ahead of him anyway after a string of good performances for Wasps.Talent: Jamie George provides top-quality cover for Dylan HartleyLocks: George Kruis, Joe Launchbury, Courtney Lawes, Josh BeaumontJones had wanted to shift Maro Itoje to the back row but he is crocked and out of the reckoning – a hammer blow for England and Saracens. Beaumont has been playing No 8 for Sale this season but Jones has already said that, like his dad Bill, he is a lock, so if he is going to get picked it will be in the engine room. Kruis is an established leader, and picks himself if he is fit, he has just had minor ankle surgery, whilst you could expect in-form Launchbury to line up against the Boks. Lawes could provide some tasty cover from the bench but Beaumont should not be ignored. TAGS: Highlight England coach Eddie Jones named a 45-man Elite Player Squad on 30 September and selected 37 of them to go to a training camp in Brighton which gave you a rough idea of the pecking order in most positions. Unfortunately only 34 of the 37 returned to the clubs fit for action with Wasps’ Sam Jones, Exeter’s Jack Nowell and Bath’s Anthony Watson all getting injuries that will keep them out of the games against South Africa, Argentina, Fiji and Australia.On the plus side for the coach, Owen Farrell and Jonny May have both come back recently, although May was not invited to Brighton, and Northampton have been making positive noises about Dylan Hartley for what seems about the last month. But there are areas – such as back row and wing – where England’s strength in depth is going to be sorely tested.The boss can name players who were not in the original 45, as long as, under the agreement with Premiership Rugby, he nominates which injured ones they are replacing.So who should Jones go with amongst the players who are still standing? We have gone for a 33-man squad and scratched our heads for hours. But that is why the coaches get the big bucks and we don’t.Full-backs: Mike Brown, Alex Goode, Mike HaleyHaley is just back for Sale after a long-term shoulder injury but impressed for the Saxons in South Africa although he is clearly third on the list behind Brown and Goode who have both done well at their clubs this season. Brown brings bite, snarl and bravery whilst Goode brings bravery and a bit more footballing ability. They will both make the squad next week and it is up to Jones to take his pick after watching them in training. Brown has won 11 of his 52 caps on the wing and could be an option there if things get desperate, which they might.Fighter: Mike Brown is one of Eddie Jones’ go-to menWings: Semesa Rokoduguni, Jonny May, Marland YardeChris Ashton must be regretting his suspension as a couple of injuries, to Watson and Nowell, would have knocked him up the pecking order but Jones should get Rokoduguni in – he has been in ridiculous form – and hope that May has rediscovered his sharpness after being out since January. Yarde has been brilliant in patches this season, and awful in others, and was not even in the original EPS but he may well get another chance but it would not be sniffed at, from this point of view, if Jones wanted to see what Olly Woodburn, of Exeter, is all about. Leader: Dylan Hartley is back to lead England into battle
AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis5 Jerome Moisan, managing director, Blackbaud Europe, thanked the early adopter charities, adding:“The arrival of Raiser’s Edge NXT brings cutting edge cloud technology to bear on the evolving challenges of the not-for-profit community. It incorporates years of customer feedback and product development into a mobile, accessible solution with an elegant interface.” The benefits of accessing the data through the cloud were also recognised by many of the charities. The more expensive option of managing a server-based version of the software now becomes less attractive, not least because all new updates to the system are applied automatically.Stacey Thompson, CRM Data Manager, Wellington College, said:“I have to create an annual impact report for our major donors. Raiser’s Edge NXT removes the need to dig around in donor’s records and various reports to pull out details and figures, because it’s all summarised and easy to identify. This year, using Raiser’s Edge NXT to pull this report together will save me hours, if not days.”Simon Jones, Director of Development at the Manchester Grammar School, shared his thoughts on Raiser’s Edge NXT: Raiser’s Edge NXT has a new mobile responsive designRaiser’s Edge 7 has been available as a hosted solution for some time, but the majority of organisations using it still host it in-house on their own server and network. So Raiser’s Edge NXT represents a major leap forward for the product.Early adoptersUK organisations that have already signed up for Raiser’s Edge NXT include People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), Deafblind UK, Breast Cancer Ireland, St. Wilfrid’s Hospice Chichester, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Guildhall School of Music & Drama, Rugby School and SPANA.Allan Hulse, director, International Response Fundraising of PETA explained:“We used to have localised databases around the world, but felt it was important to invest in one system that could bring us uniformity and offer us a much better toolkit. We’ll be using Raiser’s Edge NXT in France, Germany, Netherlands, India and Australia as well as the UK. We have many different users, some who just need access to simple data and others who have much more advanced needs, which is where the role-based interface works really well for us. The mobile access is also of great benefit for our fundraisers out in the field.” Advertisement [youtube height=”450″ width=”800″]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N_FYfp7C7NQ[/youtube] Howard Lake | 14 July 2015 | News Blackbaud moves to the cloud with Raiser’s Edge NXT Blackbaud has today launched Raiser’s Edge NXT™, its cloud-based fundraising and relationship management solution, offering fundraisers mobile access to data.The new cloud-based version of Raiser’s Edge was announced in 2014 and early adopters reported on progress a few months ago.Raiser’s Edge NXT offers mobile access to data, a user-friendly and role-based interface, intelligent analytics, built-in payment processing, marketing outreach tools, and unlimited user licenses. It also enables charity staff to share expertise and advice with more than 30,000 other organisations around the world that use the software. 137 total views, 3 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis5 Tagged with: Blackbaud cloud computing Technology About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.
Iraq : Wave of arrests of journalists covering protests in Iraqi Kurdistan News News IraqMiddle East – North Africa RSF_en December 16, 2020 Find out more Related documents rapport_irak_2003-2010_gb-2.pdfPDF – 806.36 KB February 15, 2021 Find out more Organisation News Three jailed reporters charged with “undermining national security” to go further Receive email alerts December 28, 2020 Find out more September 8, 2010 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Second targeted killing of a TV presenter in two days IraqMiddle East – North Africa Help by sharing this information RSF’s 2020 Round-up: 50 journalists killed, two-thirds in countries “at peace” Follow the news on Iraq News Reporters Without Borders is outraged by today’s murder of Safaa Al-Dine Abdul Hameed, the presenter of the programme “Our Mosques” on provincial TV station Al-Mosuliyah. He was gunned down outside his home in the northern city of Mosul as he was leaving for work this morning.The second targeted killing of a journalist since the announced withdrawal of US combat forces at the end of August, Abdul Hameed’s murder came just one day after Al-Iraqiya TV news presenter Riad Al-Saray was gunned down outside his home in Baghdad.The Iraqi authorities must do everything possible to identify the perpetrators and instigators of these killings and bring them to justice. An exemplary trial is needed in at least one case of a murdered journalist in order to deter the gunmen from continuing to kill and spread terror throughout the country.The government needs to rise to the major challenge of guaranteeing the safety of its citizens, including journalists, who have been particularly exposed to the violence that has raged in Iraq since the US-led invasion in 2003.Launched in April 2005, Al-Mosuliyah is a privately-owned station providing a satellite TV service for the northern province of Ninawa from Mosul, the provincial capital.Read the report “Iraq War: a heavy death toll for the media, 2003-2010.”
Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago About Author: Nicole Casperson Sign up for DS News Daily in Daily Dose, Featured, News The Week Ahead: Nearing the Forbearance Exit 2 days ago University of Southern California Lusk Center for Real Estate released Tuesday a discussion with Chairman Emile Haddad on what he believes are game changers for the industry.According to Haddad, technology advances and demographic shifts are generally ignored, but he believes those factors are among the most important for real estate professionals to consider.Haddad noted that government regulations need to be quick to keep up with technology advances, and how that impacts the housing market.“The world is moving in nanoseconds and we can’t wait 15 years for regulation to catch up,” Haddad said. “Government moves slowly, which is evidenced by the fact that rules governing development approvals are determined by a 1990s view of transportation.”Haddad encourages forward thinking, as he believes with a modern view of transportation, the industry could flourish. Within 20-years, he predicts most renters will no longer own a vehicle. If his predictions are right, this means that current developments are still catering to an outdated world.“If the need for vehicle ownership becomes obsolete, that’s a 50 percent increase in multifamily living space,” he said. “In essence, transportation technology is a key factor in solving the affordability riddle.”In addition, Haddad encourages real estate companies and regulators to rethink 5-year plans with 15, 20, and 30-year plans instead, as a way of having more long-term future improvements.“Things are changing rapidly and we must anticipate what real estate will look like 15 years from now,” Haddad said. “We do ourselves, our economy, and our industry a disservice by waiting 15 years to assess where we are.”Instead, he advises that regulatory and legislative bodies, as well as real estate leaders, “forecast future needs and adjust practices and policies with urgency.”As a result, the real estate game could be in better shape for the future. Previous: Housing Market Remains Strong: Great Time to Sell Next: How Equifax Could Change Arbitration HOUSING mortgage real estate USC Lusk Center for Real Estate 2017-09-12 Nicole Casperson Print This Post Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago Tagged with: HOUSING mortgage real estate USC Lusk Center for Real Estate Nicole Casperson is the Associate Editor of DS News and MReport. She graduated from Texas Tech University where she received her M.A. in Mass Communications and her B.A. in Journalism. Casperson previously worked as a graduate teaching instructor at Texas Tech’s College of Media and Communications. Her thesis will be published by the International Communication Association this fall. To contact Casperson, e-mail: [email protected] Home / Daily Dose / 3 Factors Real Estate Professionals are Overlooking Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Governmental Measures Target Expanded Access to Affordable Housing 2 days ago 3 Factors Real Estate Professionals are Overlooking Servicers Navigate the Post-Pandemic World 2 days ago Demand Propels Home Prices Upward 2 days ago Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Related Articles Data Provider Black Knight to Acquire Top of Mind 2 days ago Share Save The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago September 12, 2017 1,532 Views The Best Markets For Residential Property Investors 2 days ago Subscribe
Know the LawSection 37 NDPS Act : Principles For Grant Of Bail For Offences Involving Commercial Quantities Viswajith Anand3 July 2020 9:11 PMShare This – xIt is a settled position of law that liberal approach in the matter related to the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances is uncalled for (State of Kerala vs Rajesh, SC decision on 24.01.2020) and the Supreme Court in many Judgments had laid down broad parameters to be followed while considering the application for bail moved by the accused involved in offences under Narcotic…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginIt is a settled position of law that liberal approach in the matter related to the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances is uncalled for (State of Kerala vs Rajesh, SC decision on 24.01.2020) and the Supreme Court in many Judgments had laid down broad parameters to be followed while considering the application for bail moved by the accused involved in offences under Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act , 1985 ( NDPS Act.) “….It should be borne in mind that in a murder case, the accused commits murder of one or two persons, while those persons who are dealing in narcotic drugs are instrumental in causing death or in inflicting death−blow to a number of innocent young victims, who are vulnerable; it causes deleterious effects and a deadly impact on the society; they are a hazard to the society; even if they are released temporarily, in all probability, they would continue their nefarious activities of trafficking and/or dealing in intoxicants clandestinely. (Union of India v. Ram Samujh and Ors 1999(9) SCC 429) SECTION 37 OF THE NDPS ACT The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 (NDPS Act) is a firm legislation designed to amend the laws relating to narcotic drugs. It devises strict provisions for the control and regulation of operations relating to narcotic drugs and Psychotropic Substances. Section 37, that comes under Chapter IV of the NDPS Act, discusses the aspect of offences to be cognizable and non-bailable. Section 37 of the NDPS Act is a tool devised by the parliament to have a check on the menace of dangerous drugs flooding in the market and a sine qua non for granting bail to the accused under the NDPS Act The detailed breakdown of Section 37 is as follows: The section states every offence punishable under the Act shall be cognizable. No person accused of an offence punishable for [offences under section 19 or section 24 or section 27-A and also offences involving commercial quantity ] shall be released on bail or on his own bond, unless the following conditions are met.For granting bail, the following conditions are to be met, (i) there are are reasonable grounds for believing that the accused is not guilty of such offence (ii) that he is not likely to commit any offence while on bail are satisfied It was observed by the Apex Court in State of Kerala v. Rajesh that , The scheme of Section 37 reveals that the exercise of power to grant bail is not only subject to the limitations contained under Section 439 of the CrPC, but is also subject to the limitation placed by Section 37 which commences with non−obstante clause. The operative part of the said section is in the negative form prescribing the enlargement of bail to any person accused of commission of an offence under the Act, unless twin conditions are satisfied. The first condition is that the prosecution must be given an opportunity to oppose the application; and the second, is that the Court must be satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for believing that he is not guilty of such offence. If either of these two conditions is not satisfied, the ban for granting bail operates. WHAT IS COMMERCIAL QUANTITY ? As mentioned above, Section 37 of the NDPS Act considers every offences punishable under the Act as Cognizable. And it denies bail for the offences mentioned under Sections 19 or 24 or 27-A of the NDPS Act and equally any offences regarding commercial quantity. The commercial quantity is well defined under Section 2(vii-a) of the NDPS Act. Which means the quantity that is greater than the quantity specified in the schedule. Section 2(vii-a) defines : “Commercial quantity” , in relation to narcotic drugs and psychotropics substances, means any quantity greater than the quantity specified by the Central Government by notification in the Official Gazette. Another explanation provided by the act which seems relevant is regarding the “Small quantity”.Section 2 (XXIII-a) expounds the aspect of “Small quantity” as the quantity which is subordinate than the quantity specified in the schedule of NDPS Act. Section 2(xxiii-a): “Small Quantity”, in relation to narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, means any quantity lesser than the quantity specified by the central government by notification in the official Gazette THE CONDITIONS STIPULATED UNDER SECTION 37 The first condition as mentioned under Section 37 is to provide an opportunity to the Public Prosecutor and clear her stand on the bail application. The second stipulation is that the Court must be satisfied that reasonable grounds exist for believing that the accused is not guilty of such offence, and that he is not likely to commit any offence while on bail. If either of these two conditions is not met, the ban on granting bail operates. Therefore to summarise the law relating to the rigours of Section 37 of NDPS Act, it can be pointed out as follows: a.The limitations on granting of bail come in only when the question of granting bail arises on merits. [Customs, New Delhi v. Ahmadalieva Nodira, (2004) 3 SCC 549]. b. In case the Court proposes to grant bail, two conditions are to be mandatorily satisfied in addition to the standard requirements under the provisions of the CrPC or any other enactment. [Union of India v. Niyazuddin & Anr, (2018) 13 SCC 738]. c. Apart from the grant opportunity to the Public Prosecutor, the other condition which really have relevance are the Court’s satisfaction that there are reasonable grounds for believing that the accused is not guilty of the alleged offence. [N.R. Mon v. Md. Nasimuddin, (2008) 6 SCC 721]. d.The satisfaction contemplated regarding the accused being not guilty has to be more than prima facie grounds, considering substantial probable causes for believing and justifying that the accused is not guilty of the alleged offence. [Customs, New Delhi v. Ahmadalieva Nodira, (2004) 3 SCC 549]. e. Twin conditions of S. 37 are cumulative and not alternative. [Customs, New Delhi v. Ahmadalieva Nodira, (2004) 3 SCC 549]. f. At the bail stage, all that could be seen by the Court is whether the statements of the prosecution witnesses, if believable, would not result in a conviction. [ Babua v. State of Orissa, (2001) 2 SCC 566]. g. At this stage, it is neither necessary nor desirable to weigh the evidence meticulously to arrive at a positive finding as to whether or not the accused has committed an offence under the NDPS Act and further that he is not likely to commit an offence under the said Act while on bail. [Union of India v. Rattan Mallik @ Habul, (2009) 2 SCC 624]. h. While considering the application for bail concerning Section 37, the Court is not called upon to record a finding of not guilty. [Union of India v. Shiv Shanker Kesari, (2007) 7 SCC 798]. i.In case of inconsistency, S. 37 of the NDPS Act prevails over S. 439 CrPC. [Narcotics Control Bureau v Kishan Lal, 1991 (1) SCC 705]. j. Bail must be subject to stringent conditions. [Sujit Tiwari v. State of Gujarat, 2020 SCC Online SC 84]. The above mentioned observations are reflected in a notable judgment of the Himachal Pradesh High court between Satish Singh v. State of Himachal Pradesh. The Court had summarised the above aspect while granting bail to an undertrial prisoner under the NDPS Act subject to the imposition of stringent conditions. THE EXPRESSION “REASONABLE GROUNDS” The expression “reasonable grounds” enjoys a due weightage under Section 37 (1)(b)(ii), which means something more than prima facie grounds. The conditional part under Section 37 (1)(b)(ii) expresses as follows : where the Public Prosecutor opposes the application, the Court is satisfied that there are reasonable grounds for believing that he is not guilty of such offences and that he is not likely to commit any offence while on bail. In Municipal Corporation of Delhi v. M/s Jagan Nath Ashok Kumar and another , (1987) 4SCC 497 the court observed : The word “reasonable” has in law the prima facie meaning of reasonable in regard to those circumstances of which the actor, called on to act reasonably, knows or ought to know. It is difficult to give an exact definition of the word ‘reasonable’. Stroud’s Judicial Dictionary, Fourth Edition, page 2258 states that it would be unreasonable to expect an exact definition of the word “reasonable’ . Reason varies it, its conclusions according to the idiosyncrasy of the individual, and the times and circumstances in which he thinks. The reasoning which built up the old scholastic logic sounds now like the jingling of a child’s toy. The expression “reasonable grounds” means something more than prima facie grounds. It contemplates substantial probable causes for believing that the accused is not guilty of the alleged offence. Be that it may, if such a finding is arrived at by the Court, then it is equivalent to giving a certificate of discharge to the accused. Even on fulfilling one of the conditions, the reasonable grounds for believing that during the period of bail, the accused is not guilty of such an offence, the Court still cannot give a finding or assurance that the accused is not likely to commit any such crime. Thus, the grant of bail or denial of bail for possessing commercial quantity would depend on facts of each case. (Satish Singh, Supra) So in short ,the usage ‘reasonable’ translates the aspect as “in accordance with reason”. It is ultimately rooted with the question of facts. And the reasonability of a particular act is highly depended on the context and the circumstances. “BELIEVING THAT THE ACCUSED IS NOT GUILTY OF SUCH OFFENCES” Section 37 (1)(b)(ii) of the NDPS Act expresses the above mentioned aspect, “… believing that the accused is not guilty of such offences”. The ultimate purpose of the court while entertaining the application for bail under section 37 of the NDPS Act is not to record an observation of not guilty even at an initial stage. It is for the limited purpose essentially confined to the question of releasing the accused on bail that the Court is called upon to see if there are reasonable grounds for believing that the accused is not guilty and records its satisfaction about the existence of such grounds. But the Court has not to consider the matter as if it is pronouncing a judgment of acquittal and recording a finding of not guilty. (Satish Singh , Supra) In Union of India v. Rattan Mallik @ Habul, (2009) 2 SCC 624, It was held : We may, however, hasten to add that while considering an application for bail with reference to Section 37 of the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, the Court is not called upon to record a finding of ‘not guilty’. At this stage, it is neither necessary nor desirable to weigh the evidence meticulously to arrive at a positive finding as to whether or not the accused has committed offence under the Narcotic Drugs And Psychotropic Substances Act. What is to be seen is whether there is reasonable ground for believing that the accused is not guilty of the offence(s) he is charged with and further that he is not likely to commit an offence under the said Act while on bail. The satisfaction of the Court about the existence of the said twin conditions is for a limited purpose and is confined to the question of releasing the accused on bail. THE CONDITIONS ARE CUMULATIVE NOT ALTERNATIVE. The constitutional bench of the Apex Court in Gurbaksh Singh Sibbia and Others v. State of Punjab , 1980 (2)SCC 565 had settled that the question whether to grant bail or not depends for its answer upon a variety of circumstances, the cumulative effect of which must enter into the judicial verdict. Any one single circumstance cannot be treated as of universal validity or as necessarily justifying the grant or refusal of bail. In N.R. Mon v. Md. Nasimuddin, (2008) 6 SCC 721, the Apex Court observed : The limitations on granting of bail come in only when the question of granting bail arises on merits. Apart from the grant opportunity to the Public Prosecutor, the other twin conditions which really have relevance so far as the present accused-respondent is concerned, are: the satisfaction of the court that there are reasonable grounds for believing, that the accused is not guilty of the alleged offence and that he is not likely to commit any offence while on bail. The conditions are cumulative and not alternative. The satisfaction contemplated regarding the accused being not guilty has to be based on reasonable grounds. The expression “reasonable grounds” means something more than prima facie grounds. It contemplates substantial probable causes for believing that the accused is not guilty of the alleged offence. The reasonable belief contemplated in the provision requires existence of such facts and circumstances as are sufficient in themselves to justify satisfaction that the accused is not guilty of the alleged offence. In the case hand the High Court seems to have completely overlooked underlying object of Section. Next Story
AudioHomepage BannerNews FT Report: Derry City 2 St Pats 2 News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th Twitter Schools want rapid Covid-19 testing to be made available to teachers Google+ Facebook RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Journey home will be easier – Paul Hegarty Pinterest Derry draw with Pats: Higgins & Thomson Reaction Harps come back to win in Waterford Google+ Pinterest Previous articleWarning country will be ‘snookered’ if Covid cases rise ahead of flu seasonNext articleLough Swilly RNLI rescue 8 people off the coast off Inishowen News Highland Schools want rapid Covid-19 testing to be made available to teachers when they reopen.The Irish National Teachers Organisation is warning if there is a delay in testing, schools could be left without appropriate staff cover.It is calling for priority access for staff who request a test.General Secretary of the INTO John Boyle, says more needs to be done to ensure the reopening can be safely managed:Audio Playerhttps://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/boyle1pm.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. Twitter WhatsApp WhatsApp By News Highland – August 16, 2020 Facebook DL Debate – 24/05/21
Pinterest Twitter Derry draw with Pats: Higgins & Thomson Reaction There are fears over potentially major delays in the rollout of the Covid-19 vaccination programme in North Inishowen following yet another setback in supply. It’s after surgeries in Carndonagh were told yesterday that they won’t be getting any more vaccines until the end of March.By that stage, those who received their first jab over the last few days will need their second dose, leaving other cohorts further down the waiting list.Cllr Martin McDermott says that ultimately, this will create a domino effect, leading to a backlog in the rollout and is urging the HSE to intervene:Audio Playerhttps://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/martinvaccines.mp300:0000:0000:00Use Up/Down Arrow keys to increase or decrease volume. Facebook AudioHomepage BannerNews Important message for people attending LUH’s INR clinic WhatsApp FT Report: Derry City 2 St Pats 2 Google+ Twitter Harps come back to win in Waterford News, Sport and Obituaries on Monday May 24th DL Debate – 24/05/21 RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Google+ WhatsApp Pinterest Previous articleQuigley linked to Munguía fightNext articleAppeal over arson attack in Derry News Highland Facebook By News Highland – March 10, 2021 Further setback in vaccine supply for Carndonagh
Green aboveground shoots of the moss Polytrichum alpinum Hedw., growing on the tundra at Point Barrow, Alaska, were exposed to 14CO2 in the field. Autoradiography and subsequent counting revealed preferential translocation of the labeled compounds into new belowground shoots arising from the extensive underground stem system. Within 24 h all stem systems extracted had been labeled throughout, a maximum distance of 7.5 cm being covered in this time, indicating minimum rates of 3.1 mm h−1.Increases in the number of new shoots aboveground throughout the season revealed the extent and importance of this translocation. Innate markers of seasonal growth enabled ages of the shoots at two sites to be determined and also the ages of shoots at production of gametangia in a third site where fruiting was common. The relative photosynthetic rates of the successive seasons’ growth were also determined, and showed that by the 3rd year the photosynthetic capacity had dropped to about 40% of that in the youngest tissue on the same shoot.The patterns of growth and translocation of photosynthate in Polytrichum alpinum are discussed in relation to survival on the tunda.